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daveM
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Příspěvekod daveM » 1. úno 2007 11:21

No. 246
August 2006
SAFE Lifting
Back injuries are one of the most common workplace injuries in Manitoba, and may be
long and painful to recover from. Unfortunately, suffering one back injury puts you at a
greater risk of suffering another.
The most important thing you can do to prevent a back injury is to use
proper lifting and material handling techniques. (If you are suffering
back pain, contact your physician for more information.)
This bulletin discusses why back injuries occur, and how to prevent
them.
Lifting Hazards:
• Awkward / Sustained posture - Improper lifting technique is the
largest cause of lower back injuries. For example, bending at the
waist, or twisting while holding anything greatly increases the
stress on the muscles and joints of the back.
• Forceful exertions - There is a limit to the amount of weight the back
can lift; this limit is different for each person. Know and respect your
limits. Use mechanical aids wherever possible, i.e. cranes, carts,
dollies, etc.
• Repetitive movements - Repeated actions cause fatigue; fatigue
reduces the amount of weight the body can safely lift. Be sure to give
the back adequate rest between lifts.
Preventing Back Injuries:
Spot the hazard – What conditions prevent you from using safe lifting techniques?
– Is the load heavy, awkward or hard to hold?
– Is your back tired before the end of your shift?
Assess the risk – Test the weight of the load before lifting
– Is your back sore or tired before the lift?
– Did you clear your path of obstacles and debris?
Find a safer way – Always use good lift techniques
– Never twist your back with weight in your hands
– Use or ask for a mechanical lift
– Ask for help with the lift
Everyday – It is your right to be safe at work
– Taking short cuts increases the chance you will be hurt
– Think about lifting safely (Over)
PAGE 2 SAFE Lifting Bltn. 246
Lift Training:
Every worker who is required to lift has the legal right to be trained on how to lift properly
(W210 4(2)(b)). Lift training must be provided using applicable work examples.
Step 1: Ready the worker for training
• Obtain the focus of the worker
• Determine the worker’s current level of knowledge regarding lifting
• Position the worker so they share your physical point of view as you are teaching the skill or
procedure
Step 2: Exhibit and explain
• Show the worker each movement and procedure you expect them to know, step-by-step
• Emphasize the important points, i.e. no twisting & lifting with the legs
• Explain clearly and entirely
Step 3: Observe and examine
• Require the worker to demonstrate each skill back to you along with a verbal explanation of the
demonstration
• Watch the worker’s demonstration; comment on all effective and ineffective movements and/or
procedures
• Demonstrate for the worker again, if needed
• Have the worker demonstrate again; continue this practice until the worker understands how,
and is able to, carry out the task effectively
Step 4: Monitor the worker
• Explain where to receive further instruction
• Allow the worker to perform the work unassisted
• Review the worker’s understanding after a few days or a week
• Monitor the worker daily until you are confident the proper lifting techniques have become
standard practice
Proper Lifting technique:
The following is for informational purposes only. No warranties or guarantees are made on the
usage of this information.
1) Test the weight of the load
- If it feels too heavy ask for help, or use a mechanical lifting device
- It is your legal right to refuse to lift anything you feel may be a danger to you
- Never try to catch a falling load
2) Position your body close to the load
3) Take a wide stance, with the load between the knees if possible
4) BEND YOUR KNEES
5) Bending at the waist should never be permitted
6) Keep the lower back straight
- The risk of injury increases when the lower back is rounded
7) Keep your head up, the more vertical your posture, the lower your risk of injury
8) Breathe out as you begin to lift
- Increases tension in your abdominal muscles
- Do not hold your breath during a lift; this increases pressure in the abdomen
9) Always keep your shoulders in line with your feet
- Twisting significantly increases the risk of injury
- Never twist while lifting or carrying anything, even light objects
- NO TWISTING!
10) Proper lowering is as important as proper lifting
- Dropping or throwing loads is hazardous
- Bend the knees, keep the back straight, and breathe out as you begin to lift
"Cette information existe également en français au www.gov.mb.ca/labour/safety/index.fr.html"
V Českých Budějovicích by chtěl žít každý..... mimo mě.
Bydlí tam dva Buzí Bobové - paskal a erhy

daveM ICQ 101282033 www.mizici.com dave_mcz@yahoo.com

ps a ghetto je tlustej prasak :)

Respect my authority (Eric Cartman), nakopu vás do koulí.


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